7 Hills

Istanbul was built on seven hills by the 3 most important empires in history, the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. These hills are located in Suriçi, Istanbul.

1. Sarayburnu Hill:
Sarayburnu Hill, known as the Million Stone and accepted as the starting point of the roads stretching all over the Roman Empire, is the hill where Topkapı Palace, Hagia Sophia Mosque, İbrahim Pasha Palace and Blue Mosque are located.

2.Cemberlitas Hill:
Çemberlitaş is the hill where Çorlulu Ali Paşa Madrasa and Nur-u Osmaniye Mosque are located.

3. Süleymaniye (Beyazit) Hill:
Beyazıt, also known as Süleymaniye Hill, is the second hill that has the most say and attracts the most attention when viewed. As it rises from the shores of the Golden Horn, the magnificent work of Mimar Sinan, the Süleymaniye Mosque and Complex, the building complex of the past, the Ministry of War, today’s Istanbul University, and the Beyazıt Mosque; It is located on the hill.

4. Fatih Hill:
After the conquest of Istanbul, Sultan II. Mehmet (Fatih Sultan Mehmet) had the Fatih Mosque and Complex built on this hill, where the Church of the Twelve Apostles was located, during the Byzantine period. The construction started in March 1463 and was completed in December 1470. The mosque, which was severely damaged by the 1766 Great Istanbul earthquake, was completely renovated and opened for worship again in April 1771.

5.Yavuz Selim Hill:
It is the hill where Yavuz Sulan Selim Mosque is located, one of the most beautiful works of Yavuz Sultan Selim, who conquered Egypt, and whose construction was completed by his son, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman.

6. Edirnekapi Hill:
Edirnekapı Hill, one of the highest silhouettes of Istanbul, is also the highest among other hills. In Edirnekapı district, it is the place where Mihrimah Sultan Mosque is located, Edirnekapı Hill, Tekfur Palace, the only remaining structure from the Byzantine Blachernae Palace, and Kariye Mosque.

7. Kocamustafapasa Hill:
Kocamustafapaşa Hill is the only hill of Istanbul located towards the Thrace side, and the most important structure on it is Cerrahpaşa Mosque, which was built by Grand Vizier Cerrah Mehmed Pasha in 1593 by Davud Ağa, one of the journeymen of Mimar Sinan.


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